Health

The Neurotransmitters Involved In Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety disorder is one of the most common mental disorders in the United States. There are several types of this disorder, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). There are several causes of anxiety disorder. This is mainly due to the abnormal levels of certain chemicals, known as neurotransmitters, in the brain.

The brain constantly secretes neurotransmitters to balance mood levels and keep them stable. When the level of mood is not stable, the person has problems with mood, such as anxiety, stress and depression. Anxiety is also often seen as a sign of depression. Most of these mood disorders can be treated with a variety of medications. However, it is important to consult a doctor before taking any medication.

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According to the general surgeon

 A decrease in serotonin levels and a decrease in the activity of this neurotransmitter can lead to anxiety. If the anxiety disorder is associated with low serotonin levels, it can be treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). In fact, these medications are the best treatment options for people with OCD and PTSD.

Gamma-aminobutyric acid, or GABA, is a neurotransmitter that has a calming effect on people

CRH is released in increased amounts in case of anxiety disorder

Like serotonin, a deficiency of this neurotransmitter can cause anxiety disorders. Benzodiazepines are often prescribed to treat lower levels of GABA. These drugs bind to GABA receptors and increase the inhibitory response of the neurotransmitter. As a result, a person quickly gets rid of anxiety. However, these drugs are not designed for long-term use, as they can be addictive.

Norepinephrine

Norepinephrine is another neurotransmitter that can cause anxiety disorders if it is not found at the correct levels. This neurotransmitter is also known as neadrenaline. It excites a person and prepares him to respond to a flight or a fight. When the body perceives a stressful situation with what neurotransmitter is released at the neuromuscular junction. However, if a person suffers from chronic stress, norepinephrine is constantly produced by the adrenal glands, and the body is always in a state of flight or combat reaction. As a result, a person is always shy and nervous. This type of anxiety disorder can be treated with serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. These medications are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. UU For the treatment of depression, but can also be used for anxiety disorders, according to the Mayo Clinic. Some side effects of these medications include dry mouth, tremor, nausea and insomnia.

According to the general surgeon of the United States, hormone-releasing corticotropin (CRH) plays a very important role in the treatment of stress disorders. CRH is released in increased amounts in case of anxiety disorder. An article published in 2008 in the European Journal of Pharmacology states that drugs targeting CRH receptors in cells may be the key to the effective treatment of depression, as well as other anxiety disorders.

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